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Gateway of India, Gateway of India Monument
The Gateway of India is the most famous monument of Mumbai. It is located in South Mumbai. It was built by King George V and Queen Mary before the Delhi Durbar, with the foundation stone being laid n 31st March 1911 by George Clark. George Wittet was the designer of this monument. His final design was approved and passed in the month of August 1914.The Gateway of India is basically an archway with a height of 26 meters or 86 feet the construction of this particular monument was taken by the company named Gammon India Limted.This Company was established by J.C. Gammon.

The materials used for this colossal structure was yellow basalt and reinforced concrete. The amount of money that was spent for the complete construction of this monument was 21 lakhs.The first impressions that a visitor gets subsequent to the perception of this monument is the large waterfront that lies ahead.

The Indo-Saracenic style of architecture was a famous mode of architecture in the 16th century Gujarat. The Gateway of India is built on the style of this architecture. There are features of Muslim architecture as well Therefore the monument is a combination of Hindu and Islamic architecture. The dome is a typical Muslim influence whereas the other architectural designs are inspired from the Hindu architectural concepts. The monument consists of a dome on top with a diameter of 15 meters.

The primary motive lying behind the construction of this monument is the royal visit of King George V and Queen Marry to Bombay. This monument is one of the major attractive spots of Mumbai. Facing the Arabian Sea along the Marine drive, the spot is famous all over Mumbai for its charm and the historical relevance attached to its construction. The First Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry had passed through The Gateway of India. The significance of this troop was that it as the last British troop to leave India after Independence. The passage of this troop was organized on the 28th of February in the year of 1948.

The Apollo Bunder area, the place where the Gateway of India is built was initially used by fishermen as a crude jetty .With the British colonization, this jetty was converted into landing place for the British governors and administrators after being reconstructed and renovated. Subsequent to Indian Independence, this place has once again been transformed as a popular tourist attraction of the city. Once can go for a short boating ride through the natural harbour of Mumbai by stepping ones feet into the water lying behind the arch.

For the explorers of the city of Mumbai, the starting point of the trip should be ideally The Gateway of India. Subsequent to the visit to this monument, one should take a look at the wonderful Elephanta Caves for which one taking a trip through the Arabian waters. This place has a story to tell—from being a jetty to a place of landing for those elegant Britishers, to now being a place of tourists and visitors and those small businessmen selling souvenirs. It is place that has witnessed the pages of history as it was unfolded through the tides of time.

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